The common history of humans and horses dates at about 3500 B.C.; the archeological vestiges show that horses were used in warfare. As early as 1878, Longines manufactured a chronograph engraved with a jockey and his mount. Very popular among jockeys and horse enthusiasts, this timepiece was already used at the racetracks as soon as 1881 to accurately time the performances of both riders and horses. While the German armies were preparing for their attack into the Ardennes, the American soldiers stationed there enjoyed themselves immensely. Most of the soldiers on combat duty spent much of their time playing cards or building dugouts and log cabins for their winter quarters. Many soldiers were also given three day passes to over a dozen rest areas in Luxembourg and Belgium to spend time relaxing or dating the local women. Almost all soldiers were housed so comfortably they compared their stay in the Ardennes as if they were still in England. It appeared to the American soldier in the Ardennes a soldiers dream had come true. In what could be considered one of the worst intelligence blunders by the Allies in the Second World War near-complete surprise was achieved before the German attack. It was due to a combination of Allied overconfidence, preoccupations with Allied offensive planning, and poor aerial reconnaissance. Manteuffel knew that Patton’s Third Army was on its way to relieve Bastogne and time was running out for his Fifth Panzer Army. He decided to make one more final do or die attempt to take the town on Christmas Day 1944. On Christmas Eve 1944 a rare sight that late in the war took place that evening as two flights of Luftwaffe bombers heavily bombed Bastogne. Some bombs would land on the military hospital killing scores of wounded soldiers and medical staff. The civilians in Bastogne hid in any underground shelter they could find to escape the falling bombs. Wounded soldiers in the vaulted chapel in the town’s seminary listened to a choir sing “Silent Night, Holy Night.” Soon after mid-night on Christmas morning the Germans opened up with their artillery to soften American defenses. Through World War II “All Girl Rodeos” were very common but popularity decreased again as men, who frequently competed in events such as bronc riding and roping returned from the home front. It is believed that the barrel racing was changed to a cloverleaf pattern in 1935, but it was not judged as it is today, by the quickest time, until 1949. It was in 1949 when a group of courageous women joined together to form the Girl’s Rodeo Association, later renamed to the Women’s Professional Rodeo Association in 1981. Barrel racing evolved through the GRA organization to become an event for women that today offers purses equal to the Professional Rodeo Cowboy’s Association event purses.
Though there is controversy over the exact date horses were first ridden, the best estimate is that horses first carried riders approximately 5,000 years ago. The earliest archaeological evidence of horses being ridden was in the military : chariot warfare in ancient times was followed by the use of war horses as light and heavy cavalry. However, horses were also ridden for everyday transport, and to carry messages in both war and peacetime. The horse and horseback riding played important roles throughout history and all over the world. As you can imagine a race with a history as long as the Grand Nationals has thrown up more than a fair share of horse racing legends. Featured below are just a few of the amazing horse’s who gone down in racing folklore. Finally, while your eyes have been concentrating from the cue ball to the object ball, you always have the feeling in mind regarding your cueing arm, as to how hard or soft you are going to play the shotâ€. This entails marketers have to maâ€‹neuâ€‹vre their content strategies every time new changes are rolled out. Adapting different marketing strategies is their only way to stay relevant and in the good grace of these algorithms. I have previously outlined how to set your bridge hand and I have also mentioned the bridge hand and it’s importance in relation to the stance and cueing. It is the third leg of the tripod of the stance. With your body weight forward over your bent front knee onto your bridge hand, you have to support your forward body weight by comfortably setting your bridge arm straight from your shoulder to your bridge hand as is possible, depending on the position of the cue ball or any other balls. Having set your stance with your back leg straight (braced against any movement backwards) and your straight bridging arm (propping on your bridging hand) these two anchor points will assist greatly in holding you steady against any forward or backward movement, particularly when using power shots. Barrel racing and pole bending – the timed speed and agility events seen in rodeo as well as gymkhana or -Mok-See competition. Both men and women compete in speed events at gymkhanas or -Mok-Sees; however, at most professional, sanctioned rodeos, barrel racing is an exclusively women’s sport. In a barrel race, horse and rider gallop around a cloverleaf pattern of barrels, making agile turns without knocking the barrels over. In pole bending, horse and rider run the length of a line of six upright poles, turn sharply and weave through the poles, turn again and weave back, then return to the start.